Space Exploration To Whom Should We Listen? By Anton Komarov & Astroverbot Julia
To Whom Should We Listen ?
By Anton Komarov & Astroverbot Julia
Starting his long nomadic journey, Homo sapiens used the simplest mode of locomotion, his two feet, then he ventured into the unknown with the help of his domesticated animals. With time and geographical challenges, he had to invent new modes of transport from wooden galleons, locomotives or spacecraft. All these panoplies of elaborate instruments to help us explore the ocean abyss or the confines of deep space have always been built upon the same idea/needs. Conversely speaking, there is no difference between the mammoth garments of the early Palaeolithic era and the Apollo Lunar Module as they both provide protection and ensure survival. So far this combination of ingenuity between man, machine and animals has worked pretty well and here we are standing firmly (almost) on all the continents of this planet.
Space the final frontier however presents different challenges. To put it mildly, everything in space is out there to kill you and paradoxically, it may be the awareness of these terrific dangers which has helped make the manned space flight so sure that in the 60 years of manned space forays, mankind has had only a handful of deaths to deplore, 17 astronauts and 4 cosmonaut fatalities during spaceflight or during training for a space mission.Prehistoric Garments. Tragedy In Space
Do we stand?
Before we enter in the debate, let’s make a very approximate resume of where humanity stands in terms of Exploration. All the 8 major planets of the solar system have received a visit or flyby by from at least one space probe. The Gas giants Jupiter and Saturn have had long duration probes studying their atmosphere and moons (Galileo, Cassini & Juno) as well as flybys. However the ice giants Uranus and Neptune were not as lucky receiving only a rapid visit from the legendary space probe Voyager 2 in the eighties. Humanity has also probed and studied two Dwarf planets Pluto and Ceres. Lunar exploration kick started in the sixties and culminated with the landing of six US Apollo Astronauts on the moon’s surface, then marked a brutal pause in 1972, and seems now to have a revival with the Artemis program. Mars as a potential furthest constant outpost of mankind has received particular attention these past decades. The red planet has had both in orbit and on its soil, several robotic emissaries from different countries. Mankind took an interplanetary balloon trip amid the acid of Venus’s clouds with the Soviets and landed for a few minutes on the hellish world. A European probe hit the surface of Titan which is a moon of Saturn and for the space of a few minutes, it became the furthest outpost of Humankind in the Solar system (The probe Huygens from ESA piggy backed a ride on NASA’s Cassini spacecraft which was designed to study Saturn’s Rings and moons. She is still mankind’s furthest outpost, albeit not operational.Exploration Timeline